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芭比娃娃受争议 怎样给孩子选购玩具

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吴女士在给儿子挑选玩具时遇到了麻烦:她想送儿子一套厨房用具,可是所有这种类型的玩具都是粉色的。走进“玩具反斗城”,吴女士发现,“女孩”玩具和“男孩”玩具泾渭分明。给孩子挑选玩具需要严格地按照性别来吗?

  据新加坡《联合早报》报道,新加坡科技学院助理教授林竖美,同时也是一名职能治疗师,多年来研究儿童发展。在她看来,所谓的“男生玩具”和“女生玩具”是一种误区。她建议,家长不要过于纠结玩具的“性别”。比如,烹饪玩具并不会让男孩子变得女性化,这只是允许孩子通过模仿过程学习。而受女孩子喜爱的芭比娃娃,一直在学界备受争议。有专家认为,芭比让女孩子从小就做着“公主梦”、“明星梦”,阻碍了女性的发展。不少报道提出,担心女孩过多接触这类玩具,会认为自己也必须达到娃娃美丽的标准。

  益智堂早教专家建议,可以给孩子选没有性别标签的玩具,例如积木、球、3D立体拼图、橡皮泥、多米诺玩具等。这些玩具无论男女生都适合玩。积木、立体拼图除了能激发孩子想象力,增强孩子的动手能力和身体协调能力,同事还能训练孩子的肌肉运动技能。

  另外,益智堂早教专家还对选玩具,玩玩具也提出了一些建议。

  废物利用做玩具。父母可以鼓励孩子利用废弃物自制玩具,比如把鞋盒制成车子或动物等。这不仅能促进亲子关系,还能让孩子发挥想象力,促进思考,动手创造。

  让孩子引导父母。父母要学会放轻松,不要把每次玩耍都看作必须达到目标的途径。林竖美认为,孩子要玩什么,应该有他们的选择空间。不同的玩具有不同的作用,有的父母只愿意买教育性玩具,这并不对。

  避开有暴力色彩的玩具。不少男孩从小就喜欢玩具刀剑、玩具枪,有的还喜欢有暴力色彩的卡通片。林竖美认为,这会让孩子满脑子的枪战、好人坏人,对孩子的成长不利。

  旧玩具新玩法。林竖美说,父母不用不停地给孩子玩新玩具,而是要教他们怎样用新鲜方法来玩旧玩具。
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